Optical biosensor for the determination of BOD in seawater

Yaqi Jiang, Lai Long Xiao, Li Zhao, Xi Chen, Xiaoru Wang, Kwok Yin Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


An automatic sensing system was developed using an optical BOD sensing film. The sensing film consists of an organically modified silicate (ORMOSIL) film embedded with an oxygen-sensitive Ru complex. A multi-microorganisms immobilization method was developed for the BOD sensing film preparation. Three different kinds of microorganisms, Bacillus licheniformis, Dietzia maris and Marinobacter marinus from seawater, were immobilized on a polyvinyl alcohol ORMOSILs. After preconditioning, the BOD biosensor could steadily perform well up to 10 months. The linear fluctuant coefficients (R2) in the range of 0.3-40 mg L-1was 0.985 when a glucose/glutamate BOD standard was applied. The reproducible response for the BOD sensing film could be obtained within ±2.3% of the mean value in a series of 10 samples in 5.0 mg L-1BOD standard GGA solution. The effects of temperature, pH and sodium chloride concentration on the two microbial films were studied as well. The BOD sensing system was tested and applied for the BOD determination of seawater.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
Issue number1 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2006


  • Optical BOD biosensor
  • Seawater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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