Optic disc oval ness, refractive error and axial length of Hong Kong Chinese

Andrew K.C. Lam, Ken K.H. Cheng, Rex K. Lam, Christina F.C. Lau, S. Y. Yau

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Myopic crescent, refractive error and axial length were previously investigated in Hong Kong Chinese subjects. The myopic crescent was found to correlate with axial length and myopic refraction. In this study, three groups of Hong Kong Chinese with different degrees of myopia were assessed for optic disc ovalness, refractive error and axial length. The axial length was significantly correlated with the degree of myopia, indicating that the myopia was axial in nature. The regression line shows that 0.44 mm of axial elongation would give about one dioptre of increase in myopia. The elliptical ratio of the optic disc was defined as the maximal disc diameter divided by the minimal disc diameter. All three groups showed an oval disc with vertical axis greater and an increased ovalness for the high myopic group with an elliptical ratio from 1.11 in low myopia to 1.29 in high myopia. There is a small amount (about four degrees) of temporal rotation of this vertical oval orientation, which is independent of the amount of myopia. This result shows an association between axial elongation of the globe and optic disc ovalness, in addition to the previously described temporal myopic crescent. Therefore, in myopic subjects, a vertically oval disc may be associated with a myopic refraction rather than glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-172
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Optometry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1996


  • Axial length
  • Hong Kong Chinese
  • Myopia
  • Oval optic disc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


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