Operating optimization for improved energy consumption of a TAC system affected by nighttime thermal loads of building envelopes

Ning Mao, Dongmei Pan, Mengjie Song, Zhao Li, Yingjie Xu, Shiming Deng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Better performance in energy saving for TAC systems in sleeping environment has been demonstrated in previous studies. However, it should be noticed that the building envelope thermal load affects the indoor thermal environment and operation of the air conditioning system due to the heat transfer through the envelope. The variation of indoor thermal environment will directly affect the performance of the TAC system, especially the set of operation parameters. Therefore, an optimization study on the TAC system operation considering the effects of envelope thermal load was carried out in this paper. Firstly, a full factorial design method was used to construct the simulation case matrix. Secondly, the models of the energy consumption and thermal comfort were established using operating parameters and envelope thermal load. Thirdly, comfort surface and comfort lines were obtained to calculate the optimum operating parameters at which the energy consumption was at the lowest. Finally, the energy consumption at the optimum status was calculated. The results show that the TAC system at the optimum status can save 1.4 to 1.7 kWh each night.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-501
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Buildings
  • Energy consumption
  • Envelope thermal load
  • Optimum operating parameters
  • TAC system
  • Thermal comfort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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