Operando decoding of chemical and thermal events in commercial Na(Li)-ion cells via optical sensors

Jiaqiang Huang, Laura Albero Blanquer, Julien Bonefacino, E. R. Logan, Daniel Alves Dalla Corte, Charles Delacourt, Betar M. Gallant, Steven T. Boles, J. R. Dahn, Hwa Yaw Tam, Jean Marie Tarascon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Monitoring the dynamic chemical and thermal state of a cell during operation is crucial to making meaningful advancements in battery technology as safety and reliability cannot be compromised. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of incorporating optical fibre Bragg grating sensors into commercial 18650 cells. By adjusting fibre morphologies, wavelength changes associated with both temperature and pressure are decoupled with high accuracy, which allows tracking of chemical events such as solid electrolyte interphase formation and structural evolution. We also demonstrate how multiple sensors are used to determine the heat generated by the cell without resorting to microcalorimetry. Unlike with conventional isothermal calorimetry, the cell’s heat capacity contribution is readily assessed, allowing for full parametrization of the thermal model. Collectively, these findings offer a scalable solution for screening electrolyte additives, rapidly identifying the best formation processes of commercial cells and designing battery thermal management systems with enhanced safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)674-683
Number of pages10
JournalNature Energy
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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