One-year follow-up of Chinese people with spinal cord injury: A preliminary study

Chi Chung Chan, Alice Po Shan Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: A tertiary spinal cord injury (SCI) center was established in the northern region of Hong Kong, China and a multidisciplinary SCI rehabilitation program was developed to reintegrate patients into the community. Objective: To investigate functional outcomes for Chinese people with SCI across a 1-year period. Design: Longitudinal prospective design. Methods: Thirty community-dwelling participants with traumatic SCI were recruited. Functional status was measured using functional independence measure (FIM) on admission, upon discharge, 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, and 1-year post-discharge. Information on use of assistive devices and life role were also obtained. Results: Twenty-three (76.67%) participants were men. Seventeen participants (10 with tetraplegia and 7 with paraplegia) were classified ASIA A, B, or C; 13 (7 with tetraplegia and 6 with paraplegia) were classified as ASIA D. Significant differences in FIM motor scores were only found between the tetraplegia group and three other diagnostic groups using Bonferroni post-hoc tests of repeated measure ANOVA (analysis of variance) (P < 0.05). Longitudinally, contrast tests of repeated measure ANOVA showed significant differences during the hospitalization period for all diagnostic groups. People in the ASIA D group showed significant functional improvement even after 1-year post-discharge (P < 0.05). At 1-year post-discharge, only two participants were engaged in either remunerative employment or academic pursuit. Conclusion: Despite functional status improvement, few people with traumatic SCI were re-engaged in productive life role 1 year after discharge. Studies with longer follow-up would be beneficial. 2013.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-23
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Activities of daily living
  • Assistive technology
  • Community reintegration
  • Employment
  • Hong Kong
  • International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury
  • Paraplegia
  • Quality of life
  • Rehabilitation
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Tetraplegia
  • Treatment outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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