One-pot synthesis of carbon-coated nanosized LiTi2(PO4)3 as anode materials for aqueous lithium ion batteries

Zhantao Liu, Xusong Qin, Hui Xu, Guohua Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a one-pot sintering process incorporating sol-gel preparation route and in-situ carbon coating was proposed for the synthesis of carbon-coated nanosized LiTi2(PO4)3. Experimental results show that the prepared LiTi2(PO4)3 particles are of high crystallinity and well-coated by turbostratic carbon. Attributed to nanosized particles and enhanced conductivity provided by turbostratic carbon coating, the carbon-coated LiTi2(PO4)3 showed high rate performance and good cycling life in aqueous electrolyte. Particularly, the carbon-coated LiTi2(PO4)3 exhibited initial specific capacities of 103 and 89 mAh g-1, and retained 80.6% and 97% of the initial capacities after 120 cycles at 1C and 10C in aqueous electrolyte, respectively. The high rate performance and good cycling life of carbon-coated LiTi2(PO4)3 in aqueous electrolyte reveal its potential as negative electrode in aqueous lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles and industrial-scale energy storage systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-569
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Aqueous electrolyte
  • Carbon coating
  • Good cycling life
  • High rate
  • Lithium ion battery
  • LiTi<inf>2</inf>(PO<inf>4</inf>)<inf>3</inf>

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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