One for all and all for one: Scalable consensus in a hybrid communication model

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2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper addresses consensus in an asynchronous model where the processes are partitioned into clusters. Inside each cluster, processes can communicate through a shared memory, which favors efficiency. Moreover, any pair of processes can also communicate through a message-passing communication system, which favors scalability. In such a 'hybrid communication' context, the paper presents two simple binary consensus algorithms (one based on local coins, the other one based on a common coin). These algorithms are straightforward extensions of existing message-passing randomized round-based consensus algorithms. At each round, the processes of each cluster first agree on the same value (using an underlying shared memory consensus algorithm), and then use a message-passing algorithm to converge on the same decided value. The algorithms are such that, if all except one processes of a cluster crash, the surviving process acts as if all the processes of its cluster were alive (hence the motto 'one for all and all for one'). As a consequence, the hybrid communication model allows us to obtain simple, efficient, and scalable fault-tolerant consensus algorithms. As an important side effect, according to the size of each cluster, consensus can be obtained even if a majority of processes crash.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 39th IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, ICDCS 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728125190
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Event39th IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, ICDCS 2019 - Richardson, United States
Duration: 7 Jul 20199 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems


Conference39th IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, ICDCS 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Asynchronous system
  • Atomic register
  • Binary consensus
  • Cluster
  • Common coin
  • Compare and swap
  • Hybrid communication
  • Local coin
  • Message-passing
  • Modularity
  • Process crash failure
  • Scalability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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