On using the wall function and the staggered grid arrangement at upwind sharp convex corners in simulating approach air flow

Wan Ki Chow, Y. Gao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In simulating approach air turbulent flow towards a cube or a square rib with staggered grids, there might be problems in using wall function. This point will be studied in this paper. Upwind sharp convex corners will be analyzed in detail. Methods are proposed to give predicted results, which agree better with experiments. The value and position of the maximum turbulent kinetic energy kmax, and the mean pressure coefficient Cp are proposed to be correlated with the degree of separation and reattachment length ZR at the top of the bluff cube and rib for evaluating the predicted results. The standard k - ε model is suitable for predicting the degree of separation at the frontal sharp convex corners and reattachment length, provided that the wall functions are applied properly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-398
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2005


  • Separation and reattachment
  • Staggered grids
  • Turbulent kinetic energy
  • Wall function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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