On travelling wave modes of axially moving string and beam

Lei Lu, Xiao Dong Yang, Wei Zhang, Siu Kai Lai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The traditional vibrational standing-wave modes of beams and strings show static overall contour with finite number of fixed nodes. The travelling wave modes are investigated in this study of axially moving string and beam although the solutions have been obtained in the literature. The travelling wave modes show time-varying contour instead of static contour. In the model of an axially moving string, only backward travelling wave modes are found and verified by experiments. Although there are n-1 fixed nodes in the nth order mode, similar to the vibration of traditional static strings, the presence of travelling wave phenomenon is still spotted between any two adjacent nodes. In contrast to the stationary nodes of string modes, the occurrence of galloping nodes of axially moving beams is discovered: The nodes oscillate periodically during modal motions. Both forward and backward travelling wave phenomena are detected for the axially moving beam case. It is found that the ranges of forward travelling wave modes increase with the axially moving speed. It is also concluded that backward travelling wave modes can transform to the forward travelling wave modes as the transport speed surpasses the buckling critical speed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9496180
JournalShock and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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