On the subjectivity of the sentence-final particle tsε55(啫) in Cantonese

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本文从"主观性"角度出发,借鉴三域理论探讨粤语常用句末助词"啫"[tsε55]的表意和功能特征。从表意方面看,"啫"有其客观表示"低限"的意义,但同时亦表示轻视、解释、反驳等多种主观内容。从功能方面看,"啫"的使用反映了说话人对命题内容的态度和评价,以及对意义的主观处理,这种表达上的需要是"啫"主观性产生的原因。||Based on the notion of subjectivity, and with reference to the theory of three conceptual domains, this paper explores the semantic and functional characteristics of tsε55 ( 啫), one of the commonly used sentence-final particles in Cantonese. Semantically, tsε55 can convey an objective meaning of delimitation as well as subjective senses such as contempt, explanation, refutation, etc. From the functional perspective, tsε55 reveals the speakers ’ attitude and judgement towards the propositional contents, as well as their subjective treatment for meanings. It is concluded that the requests for this kind of expressions accounts for the subjectivity of tsε55 in Cantonese.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-348
Number of pages10
Journal中国语文 (Studies of the Chinese language)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Sentence-final particle
  • Cantonese
  • tsε55 (啫)
  • Subjectivity
  • Theory of three conceptual domains

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