On the pitting corrosion of 2205 duplex stainless steel produced by laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing in the as-built and post-processed conditions

Nima Haghdadi, Majid Laleh, Hansheng Chen, Zibin Chen, Carina Ledermueller, Xiaozhou Liao, Simon Ringer, Sophie Primig

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of additive manufacturing (AM) and post-AM heat treatment on microstructural characteristics and pitting corrosion of 2205 duplex stainless steel were studied and benchmarked against its conventionally hot-rolled counterpart. The rapid solidification and possible loss of N associated with AM resulted in a non-equilibrium microstructure dominated by δ-ferrite with a minor fraction of austenite and abundant Cr2N precipitation. Atom probe tomography revealed that no depletion of Cr occurs around intragranular Cr2N. A deduction in Cr was observed adjacent to intergranular Cr2N particles, however, Cr content in these regions remained above the critical value of 13 wt%. Post-AM heat treatment was effective in restoring the duplex microstructure while dissolving the Cr2N precipitates. Although the pitting resistance in the as-built AM specimen was lower than that of its hot-rolled counterpart, it was fully recovered after post-AM heat treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110260
JournalMaterials and Design
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2021


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Duplex stainless steel
  • Heat treatment
  • Microstructure
  • Pitting corrosion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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