On the cylinder noise and drag reductions in different Reynolds number ranges using surface pattern fabrics

Chuntai Zheng, Peng Zhou, Siyang Zhong, Xin Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This study experimentally investigates the potential of using surface pattern fabrics for the cylinder noise and drag control in different Reynolds number ranges. The aerodynamic and aeroacoustic effects were evaluated through the noise and force measurements in an anechoic wind tunnel. It was observed that the noise and drag reductions take place simultaneously but in different Reynolds number ranges, corresponding to the cylinder flow in different flow regimes, e.g., sub-critical, critical, and supercritical flow regimes. Microphone arc array measurements reveal that the suppression of the Aeolian tone in the critical regime is the major cause of noise reductions, and the noise directivity gradually loses dipole features in the critical and supercritical flow regimes, which is probably related to the reduced lift fluctuation coefficient and the spanwise segment of the sound sources. Further hotwire wake survey revealed significant changes in flow dynamics, which explain the variations of noise and drag in different flow regimes. We have shown for the first time that fabric with different surface patterns can effectively reduce cylinder drag and noise in different Reynolds number ranges. Since the Reynolds number is a key factor that determines the flow state in practical engineering applications, e.g., cycling aerodynamics, this study suggests that optimal drag and noise reductions can be realized by employing the combinations of different surface pattern fabrics to account for the Reynolds number effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035111
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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