On the behavior of higher harmonics in the evolution of nonlinear water waves in the presence of abrupt depth transitions

Qian Wu, Xingya Feng, You Dong, Frederic Dias

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of abrupt depth transitions might trigger strong nonlinear effects on propagating water waves near coastal regions. In this study, the dynamics of nonlinear monochromatic waves over a submerged step representing the abrupt depth transitions are investigated both experimentally and numerically. Within the framework of the free-surface Euler equations, a fully nonlinear potential flow model based on a conformal mapping method is established to investigate the higher harmonics. The numerical method has been well validated with experimental measurements. To analyze the wave nonlinearity at the transitions, the higher harmonics are extracted both in the spatial and time domains. It is shown that abrupt depth transitions enhance the higher harmonic amplitudes in the shallower regions on the step. The effects of the incident wave frequency and height are studied. It is found that the higher harmonics induced by the abrupt depth transitions become more significant with increasing wave steepness. An analysis of the evolution of the skewness and kurtosis demonstrates the high asymmetry of the surface elevation on the upstream junction. The asymmetry shows clear nonlinear effect from the higher harmonics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127102
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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