This paper will address two questions: i) How the fully nonlinear wave-current interactions modify the extreme wave statistics, spectrum characteristics and average shape of extreme waves in directional seas subject to current with different incident angles; ii) Whether the NewWave model is adequate to describe the average shape of nonlinear extreme waves in directional seas with presence of opposing and oblique current. This study employs fully nonlinear numerical simulations, and the results demonstrate that current can enhance the wave crest exceedance probability at distribution tail and kurtosis, broaden the spectra, and cause severe vertical and horizontal asymmetry of extreme wave profiles depending on the incident angle and initial wave steepness. The assessment on the NewWave models reveals that they fail to predict the reduction of the crest width with increasing current incident angle and significantly underestimate the asymmetry parameters for large steepness waves.
- Fully nonlinear potential model
- Large-scale simulations
- Phase-resolved wave modelling
- Wave-current interactions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ocean Engineering