On determinants and eigenvalue theory of tensors

Shenglong Hu, Zheng Hai Huang, Chen Ling, Liqun Qi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate properties of the determinants of tensors, and their applications in the eigenvalue theory of tensors. We show that the determinant inherits many properties of the determinant of a matrix. These properties include: solvability of polynomial systems, product formula for the determinant of a block tensor, product formula of the eigenvalues and Geršgorin's inequality. As a simple application, we show that if the leading coefficient tensor of a polynomial system is a triangular tensor with nonzero diagonal elements, then the system definitely has a solution in the complex space. We investigate the characteristic polynomial of a tensor through the determinant and the higher order traces. We show that the k-th order trace of a tensor is equal to the sum of the k-th powers of the eigenvalues of this tensor, and the coefficients of its characteristic polynomial are recursively generated by the higher order traces. Explicit formula for the second order trace of a tensor is given.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-531
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Symbolic Computation
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Characteristic polynomial
  • Determinant
  • Eigenvalue
  • Tensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Computational Mathematics

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