On a diffusive susceptible-infected-susceptible epidemic model with mass action mechanism and birth-death effect: Analysis, simulations, and comparison with other mechanisms

Huicong Li, Rui Peng, Zhi An Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present paper, we are concerned with a susceptible-infected-susceptible epidemic reaction-diffusion model governed by a mass action infection mechanism and linear birth-death growth with no flux boundary condition. By performing qualitative analysis, we study the stability of the disease-free equilibrium, uniform persistence property in terms of the basic reproduction number and the global stability of the endemic equilibrium in a homogeneous environment, and investigate the asymptotic profile of endemic equilibria (when they exist) in a heterogeneous environment when the movement rate of the susceptible and infected populations is small. Our results, together with those in previous works on three other closely related modeling systems, suggest that factors such as infection mechanism, variation of total population, and population movement play vital but subtle roles in the transmission dynamics of diseases and hence provide useful insights into the strategies designed for disease control and prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2129-2153
Number of pages25
JournalSIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Asymptotic profile
  • Basic reproduction number
  • Endemic equilibria
  • Mass action infection mechanism
  • Persistence/extinction
  • SIS epidemic reaction-diffusion model
  • Small diffusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics

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