Older Adults' Perceptions of Age-friendliness in Hong Kong

Cheryl Hiu Kwan Chui, Jennifer Yee Man Tang, Christine Manlai Kwan, On Fung Chan, Michael Tse, Rebecca Lai Har Chiu, Vivian Wei Qun Lou, Pui Hing Chau, Angela Yee Man Leung, Terry Yat Sang Lum

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is little understanding about how rapid urban development has affected the extent to which communities are able to optimize health and participation opportunities for older adults in Hong Kong. Our objective was to examine what older residents perceive to be the shortcomings of their communities in meeting their psychosocial and physical needs as they age. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In reference to the WHO Age-Friendly Cities Project Methodology: Vancouver Protocol, we conducted nine focus groups comprising 65 participants for an Age-Friendly City baseline assessment in two districts in Hong Kong, China. Participants were asked to share their views on their respective district of residence, and identify aspects of the city they found unfriendly. Data generated from interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Five of the following key themes were identified: the failure of public transportation to cater to the needs of older adults; a lack of public space for recreation and socializing; diminishing human interactions in welfare services; physical and financial challenges relating to housing; and workplace discrimination against older adults. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: These findings underscore the importance of prioritizing the social welfare of older adults in building a more inclusive and age-friendly city. They also highlight the difficulties in fostering an inclusive environment while ensuring efficiency and profit maximization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-558
Number of pages10
JournalThe Gerontologist
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2019


  • Age-friendly cities
  • Chinese
  • East Asia
  • Productivist welfare regime
  • Qualitative research methods
  • Urban
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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