Objective outcome evaluation of a leadership and intrapersonal development subject for university students

Tan Lei Shek, Rachel C F Sun, Teresa B K Tsien-Wong, Chung Tai Cheng, Hairong Yan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


A quasi-experimental study with an experimental group (n = 195) and a control group (n = 71) was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a leadership and intrapersonal development subject at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Results showed that there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender ratio, age, and background family characteristics. Analyses of covariance controlling for pretest differences between the two groups revealed that students in the experimental group generally showed higher levels of psychosocial competence in terms of composite variables that include resilience, social competence, emotional competence, cognitive competence, behavioral competence, self-determination, self-efficacy, and beliefs in the future. In conjunction with other sources of evaluation findings, the present study suggests that this subject is able to promote the holistic development of Chinese university students in Hong Kong.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-227
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal on Disability and Human Development
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2013


  • Intrapersonal competence
  • Leadership
  • Objective outcome evaluation
  • Quasi-experimental design
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Sensory Systems
  • Speech and Hearing

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