Objective Evaluation of Fabric Pilling Using Image Analysis Techniques

Binjie Xin, Jinlian Hu, Haojin Yan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


For quality control of textiles, it is necessary to develop an objective method to evaluate fabric pilling, rather than subjective, to improve reliability and reproducibility. This paper presents a new method to extract pill features from fabric images. In this work, we apply a two-dimensional Gaussian fit theory to train a pill template using actual pill images for pill template matching, and determine a reasonable threshold for image segmentation using a histogram-fitting technique. We then extract five parameters to describe pill properties—pill number, mean area of pills. total area of pills. contrast. and density—and establish formulas to calculate objective grades with these parameters. The results show that a good correlation can be achieved between objective and subjective data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1057-1064
Number of pages8
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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