Numerical study on 3-D deposition patterns of sand dumping in flowing water

F.X. Ma, Chi Wai Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


本文用具有浮力特性K -ε紊流模型研究水中抛沙床面三维淤积形态 .该模型由一个连续方程、三个动量方程、两个紊流模型封闭方程、一个泥沙浓度方程和一个泥沙淤积方程组成 .在用有限差分法对控制方程进行求解时 ,用破开算子法将控制方程分为对流、扩散和源项三部分 ,其中对流项用QUIKEST格式求解 ,扩散项用中心差分求解 ,源项用Gauss Seidel迭代法求解 .对 8组水沙条件计算表明 ,不同的水沙条件可在床面形成两种不同类型的淤积形态 :椭圆形和分叉型 .并进而用浮射流分叉理论 ,对分叉型淤积形态从水沙运动机理和内部结构上进行了探讨 .计算结果与实验室实测结果吻合良好 .||The 3\|D buoyancy extended K\|ε turbulence model is employed in the study of deposition patterns for sand dumping in flow water. This model consists of one continuity equation, three momentum equations, two turbulence\|modeling equations, one concentration equation and one deposition equation. In the model, the governing equations are split into three parts in the finite difference solution namely advection, dispersion and propagation. The advection part is solved by the QUICKEST scheme. The dispersion part is solved by the central difference method and the propagation part is solved implicitly by using the Gauss\|Seidel iteration method. By using this model, 8 numerical sample runs have been conducted. Two different deposition patterns are obtained. One is oblong and the other is horseshoe shape depending on hydraulic conditions and sediment parameters. The computer results are in satisfactory agreement with experiment. The reasons for the formation of the horseshoe shape have been investigated with the concept of bifurcation of buoyant plumes.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)72-77
Number of pages6
Journal水利學報 (Journal of hydraulic engineering)
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Deposition pattern
  • Sand dumping
  • Turbulence model
  • Plume
  • Bifurcation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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