Numerical study of Taylor cone dynamics in electrospinning of nanofibers

Hui Fen Guo, Bingang Xu

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Nanofibers produced by electrospinning are attractive for a large variety of applications in material science. Formation of Taylor cone is an integral part of electrospinning process. To understand deeply its formation, a two-phase electro-hydrodynamic simulation under the volume-of-fluid (VOF) model is proposed. The electric force in such systems acts only at the interface and is zero elsewhere in the two fluids. Continuum surface force (CSF) model is adopted to compute the electric field force at the interface. For the study case, transient analyses showed the moving flow fronts and their interactions with the applied electric field. Two symmetric vortices, which occur in Taylor cone, will increase the solution velocity. A beaded nanofiber can be formed owing to the beads occur in cone jet. The numerical results were consistent with previous studies. According to the numerical results, the formation mechanism and nanofiber dynamics of the Taylor cone in a multiphase flow were well disclosed for deep explanation of the process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovative Materials
Subtitle of host publicationEngineering and Applications II
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783038357834
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
EventInternational Conference on Material Engineering and Application, ICMEA 2016 - Tin Shui Wai, Hong Kong
Duration: 19 Aug 201621 Aug 2016

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume730 KEM
ISSN (Print)1013-9826


ConferenceInternational Conference on Material Engineering and Application, ICMEA 2016
Country/TerritoryHong Kong
CityTin Shui Wai


  • Continuum surface force (CSF)
  • Electrospinning nonafiber
  • Taylor cone
  • Volume-of-fluid (VOF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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