Numerical simulation of pollutant dispersion characteristics in a three-dimensional urban traffic system

Hongwen Dou, Tingzhen Ming, Zhengtong Li, Chong Peng, Chen Zhang, Xinyu Fu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


A complex three-dimensional (3D) urban traffic system containing roundabouts and tunnels continues to emerge in China's metropolises. Based on this, a mathematical model was established to describe the fluid flow and CO propagation characteristics in a complex 3D traffic system, including a sunken bus stop area, traffic roundabout, viaducts, and tunnels. Features of pollution dispersion in those locations were analyzed under different ambient crosswinds (ACWs). The results showed that the distribution of pollutants in the 3D traffic system was greatly influenced by geometric parameters and their relative positional relationship. Distribution of pollutants in the 3D traffic system is rather complicated and varied. At a sunken bus stop area, changes in ambient wind will cause fluctuating pollution levels upstream and downstream at the bus stop, and symmetrical distribution has been exhibited under parallel wind. The effects of complex road conditions on pollutants are beyond the prevailing winds at the traffic roundabout. In a naturally ventilated municipal double-hole traffic tunnel, contaminants accumulate along the downstream direction, which is more pronounced at low wind speeds. However, dilution effects are enhanced in tunnels' open areas.
Original languageOthers/Unknown
Pages (from-to)735-746
Number of pages12
JournalAtmospheric Pollution Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Three-dimensional traffic system
  • Pollutant dispersion
  • Street canyon
  • Gaseous environment pollutant
  • CFD

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