Numerical simulation of particle deposition in duct air flows with uniform, expanding or contracting cross-section

Hao Lu, Lin Lu, Yu Jiang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The Reynolds stress turbulent model (RSM) with UDF correction and discrete particle model (DPM) were adopted to predict air flow fields and particle deposition rate. After numerical validation of air velocity profiles and particle deposition velocity in uniform duct, the air flow field structures, flow drag and particle deposition behaviors in expanding and contracting ducts with different air velocities and particle sizes were investigated and compared with uniform duct case. It was found that particle deposition velocity is overall reduced in expanding duct while enhanced in contracting duct. However, the modification magnitude of deposition velocity is significant discrepant for different particle sizes due to the role of near-wall turbulent eddies. For expanding duct cases, the particle deposition velocities are reduced about one or two orders of magnitude for large particles (dp<3μm) but less than 5 times for small particles (dp<3μm), compared with uniform duct cases. For contracting duct cases, the particle deposition velocities are increased less than 7 times for large particles while about 20–60 times for small particles. Besides, the deposition mechanisms of particles in expanding and contracting duct were also studied and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-875
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016


  • Contracting duct
  • Expanding duct
  • Numerical simulation
  • Particle deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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