Numerical simulation of ballistic performance of nanocrystalline and nanotwinned ultrafine crystal steel

Yun Wan, Jian Lu, Li Min Zhou

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


Surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) is an excellent method to get nanocrystalline and nanotwinned ultrafine crystalline steels from coarse-grained AISI 304 stainless steel. Due to their outstanding mechanical properties, they both appear to be relevant candidates for ballistic protection of marine engineering. Comparing their ballistic performance against coarse-grained steel, as well as identifying the effect of the hybridization with a carbon fiber–epoxy composite layer have been done by Jaime Frontan et al. Hybridization is proposed as a way to improve the nanocrystalline brittle properties in a similar way as is done with ceramics in other protection systems. Dur to the limit of experimental equipment, there are many results which are hardly got. In this paper, a numerical method with Johnson–Cook flow stress model, user material subroutine VUMAT and surface-based cohesive behaviour is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Composites for Marine Engineering
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9783038354062
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Event1st International Conference on Advanced Composites for Marine Engineering, ICACME 2013 - Beijing, China
Duration: 10 Sep 201312 Sep 2013

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
ISSN (Print)0255-5476


Conference1st International Conference on Advanced Composites for Marine Engineering, ICACME 2013


  • Ballistic impact
  • Damage evolution
  • Hybrid material
  • SMAT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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