Numerical simulation and in Situ investigation of fine particle dispersion in an actual deep street canyon in Hong Kong

Yun Wei Zhang, Zhao Lin Gu, Shuncheng Lee, Tzung May Fu, Kin Fai Ho

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports a computational fluid dynamics simulation of airflow and fine particle (PM2.5) dispersion in the street canyon in Hong Kong, using large eddy simulation. An aspect ratio (AR) of 2.7 and a Reynolds number of 5 x 106with a one main vortex, were used. This study focused mainly on the vehicle-induced momentum source and PM2.5concentrations were measured at 10 altitudes near the leeward wall in the street canyon, to provide high resolution measurements for model validation. The simulated PM2.5concentrations agreed well with the measurements, (R=0.85). The concentration was higher at the lower part near the leeward wall than the upper part. Higher concentration was found near the roof level. A near-uniform vertical dispersion of PM2.5near the windward wall was demonstrated; and the average concentrations were lower than found near the leeward wall. The intermittent escape of the PM2.5above the canyon at the roof level occurred mainly at the centre and near windward wall areas. The results demonstrated that a reduction in the AR can be conducive to pollutant dispersion in street canyon planning. The findings of this research would inform building designers to formulate effective strategies such as positioning of ventilation air intake, for the control of ingress of PM2.5into building environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-216
Number of pages11
JournalIndoor and Built Environment
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Aspectratio
  • CFD simulation
  • Dispersion
  • Large eddy simulation
  • PM 5 2.
  • Reynolds number
  • Street canyon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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