Numerical investigation on compressive performance of CFST columns with encased built-up lattice-angles

Fei Xu, Ju Chen, Tak Ming Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The additional confinement provided by encased angles was considered in the finite element (FE) model, in addition to the contact between tube wall and inner concrete and the effect of tube-wall confinement on concrete model. The established FE model is verified against the existing test results that it can well predict the behaviour of reinforced composite columns under axial compression. The composite action between encased angles and concrete and the efficiency of built-up angle configurations on performance improvement are extensively analyzed through the validated FE models. The influence of three parameters, namely confinement factor (ξ), reinforcement ratio (ρsr) and slenderness ratio (λ), to the angle-contributions on lateral confining pressure and the ultimate strength are evaluated and quantified. It is found the relationship between the strengths of CFST columns and built-up member can be defined as an exponential equation. Finally the design equation based on AISC 360-10 design provisions with consideration of angle-contributions is proposed, and the comparison results show it has a desirable accuracy and satisfactory correlation with both experimental and numerical results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-253
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • Concrete-filled steel tube columns
  • Design equations
  • Encased built-up steel
  • Lattice-angle
  • Numerical investigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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