A numerical investigation on fixed-ended cold-formed steel channel columns with complex stiffeners subjected to axial load is described in this paper. The complex stiffeners of the channel sections consist of simple lips with return lips. The specimens were brake-pressed from high strength zinc-coated structural steel sheets having a nominal yield stress of 450 MPa. A non-linear finite element model is developed and verified against experimental results of fixed-ended channel columns with complex stiffeners. Initial geometric imperfections and material non-linearity are included in the model. The calibrated model is shown to provide accurate predictions of the experimental ultimate loads and failure modes of the tested columns. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Finite element analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering