The windcatcher system is a green architectural feature that uses natural ventilation to induce external airflow into residential buildings. This paper presents different configuration and ventilation strategies for the windcatcher to evaluate the performance of the system in relation to ventilation and indoor particle dispersion. A commercial computational fluid dynamic (CFD) code is used to evaluate the windcatcher's performance using different numbers of louvers and louver lengths. The effects of buoyancy and window positions on the system's performance are considered. The flow rate of air induced into the windcatcher is found to increase with the number of louver layers and the highest ventilation rate is reached when the louver length equates with the reference length. With respect to the buoyancy effect, the results show that the system performs well in stimulating airflow and removing contaminants when a window is positioned on the leeward side. A uniform and low particle concentration is created when a window is positioned on the leeward side. However, due to the high air velocity below the windcatcher, the general airflow distribution of the system is not uniform. A damper or egg crated grill should be installed at the terminal of the system, especially when the external wind is strong.
- Particle dispersion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Building and Construction