Numerical analysis of the non-linear behaviour of CFRP-strengthened cold-formed steel columns

N. Silvestre, D. Camotim, B. Young

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports the results of a numerical investigation on the non-linear behaviour and load-carrying capacity of CFRP-strengthened cold-formed steel lipped channel columns - in particular, one studies a total of 16 short and long fixed-ended columns. The fully non-linear numerical analyses are based on shell finite element models, carried out in the code ABAQUS, and adopt an elastic-plastic constitutive law to describe the steel material behaviour. The columns are strengthened with carbon fibre sheets (CFS) glued at different outer surface locations (web, flanges and/or lips) and having fibres oriented either longitudinally or transversally - since the aim of the study is to assess the influence of the CFS on the column structural response, bare steel specimens were also analyzed. The numerical results, which consist of non-linear equilibrium paths (applied load vs. axial shortening) and ultimate strength values (most of them associated with local-plate or distortional failure mechanisms), are subsequently compared with experimental values obtained earlier. Finally, on the basis of both the numerical and experimental results, some relevant conclusions are drawn concerning the CFS location and fibre orientation that are most effective to strengthen lipped channel steel columns exhibiting either local-plate or distortional collapses.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Steel and Composite Structures, ICSCS07 - Steel and Composite Structures
Pages969-975
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Conference on Steel and Composite Structures, ICSCS07 - Steel and Composite Structures - Manchester, United Kingdom
Duration: 30 Jul 20071 Aug 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Steel and Composite Structures, ICSCS07 - Steel and Composite Structures

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Steel and Composite Structures, ICSCS07 - Steel and Composite Structures
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityManchester
Period30/07/071/08/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

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