Numerical analyses of the flow past a short rotating cylinder

Yongliang Yang, Chenglei Wang, Rui Guo, Mengqi Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This work studies the three-dimensional flow dynamics around a rotating circular cylinder of finite length, whose axis is positioned perpendicular to the streamwise direction. Direct numerical simulations and global stability analyses are performed within a parameter range of Reynolds number <![CDATA[Re=DU-∞ /ν (based on cylinder diameter, uniform incoming flow velocity), length-to-diameter ratio and dimensionless rotation rate (where is rotation rate). By solving Navier-Stokes equations, we investigated the wake patterns and explored the phase diagrams of the lift and drag coefficients. For a cylinder with, we found that when the rotation effect is weak , the wake pattern is similar to the unsteady wake past the non-rotating finite-length cylinder, but with a new linear unstable mode competing to dominate the saturation state of the wake. The flow becomes stable for when <![CDATA[Re. When the rotation effect is strong , new low-frequency wake patterns with stronger oscillations emerge. Generally, the rotation effect first slightly decreases and then sharply increases the threshold of the flow instability when is relatively small, but significantly decreases the threshold at high (<![CDATA[0.9). Furthermore, the stability analyses based on the time-averaged flows and on the steady solutions demonstrate the existence of multiple unstable modes undergoing Hopf bifurcation, greatly influenced by the rotation effect. The shapes of these global eigenmodes are presented and compared, as well as their structural sensitivity, visualising the flow region important for the disturbance development with rotation. This research contributes to our understanding of the complex bluff-body wake dynamics past this critical configuration.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA15
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2023


  • vortex instability
  • wakes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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