Novel phosphorus-doped graphitic-carbon nitride (P-C3N4) modified vertically aligned TiO2nanotube arrays (NTs) were designed and synthesized. They can significantly enhance the conduction and utilization of photogenerated charge carriers of TiO2NTs. The heterostructure was successfully fabricated through a three-step process: electrochemical anodization and wet-dipping followed by thermal polymerization. The prepared P-C3N4/TiO2NTs exhibit enhanced light-absorption characteristics and improved charge separation and transfer ability, thus resulting in a 3-fold photocurrent (1.98 mA cm-2at 0 V vs. Ag/AgCl) compared with that of pure TiO2NTs (0.66 mA cm-2at 0 V vs. Ag/AgCl) in 1 M NaOH solution. The prepared P-C3N4/TiO2NT photoelectrodes also present excellent photocatalytic and photoelectrocatalytic capabilities in the degradation of methylene blue (MB). The kinetic rate of P-C3N4/TiO2NTs in the photoelectrocatalytic process for MB is 2.7 times that of pristine TiO2NTs. Furthermore, the prepared sample was used as a photoanode for solar-driven water splitting, giving a H2evolution rate of 36.6 μmol h-1cm-2at 1.0 V vs. RHE under simulated solar light illumination. This novel structure with a rational design for a visible light response shows potential for metal free materials in photoelectrochemical applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)