Novel MTDC droop scheme with decoupled power control for enhancing frequency stabilities of weak AC systems

Yujun Li, Sining Liu, Jiebei Zhu, Xiaotian Yuan, Zhao Xu, Ke Jia

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Traditional way to enable frequency support provided by MTDC system for the connected weak AC systems is to modify the power reference of each converter under standard power-sharing droop control based on the weak grid's frequency deviations. However, this scheme artificially couples all asynchronous AC systems to tackle with the frequency disturbances of any connected AC systems, which might result in broader frequency disturbance propagations. To overcome this, this study proposes a decoupled frequency control (DFC) scheme to improve weak AC systems frequency stabilities. First, the relationship between the active power and power set points of each converter is derived by the linearization of MTDC power flow equations. Then, the frequency coupling properties of each AC system with traditional frequency control are derived, and it shows that the frequency disturbance will be propagated to all the connected AC systems with traditional control. Furthermore, the control law of each converter in the proposed DFC is developed through the defined decoupled matrix, and the independent frequency regulation characteristic of each converter can be obtained. Finally, numerical simulations have demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed DFC scheme in events of load changes and converter loss in the main and weak AC grid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2007-2016
Number of pages10
JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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