Nonlinear vibration energy harvesting with adjustable stiffness, damping and inertia

Chunchuan Liu, Xingjian Jing

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


A novel nonlinear structure with adjustable stiffness, damping and inertia is proposed and studied for vibration energy harvesting. The system consists of an adjustable-inertia system and X-shaped supporting structures. The novelty of the adjustable-inertia design is to enhance the mode coupling property between two orthogonal motion directions, i.e., the translational and rotational directions, which is very helpful for the improvement of the vibration energy harvesting performance. Weakly nonlinear stiffness and damping characteristics can be introduced by the X-shaped supporting structures. Combining the mode coupling effect above and the nonlinear stiffness and damping characteristics of the X-shaped structures, the vibration energy harvesting performance can be significantly enhanced, in both the low frequency range and broadband spectrum. The proposed 2-DOF nonlinear vibration energy harvesting structure can outperform the corresponding 2-DOF linear system and the existing nonlinear harvesting systems. The results in this study provide a novel and effective method for passive structure design of vibration energy harvesting systems to improve efficiency in the low frequency range.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-95
Number of pages17
JournalNonlinear Dynamics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Mode coupling effect
  • Nonlinear stiffness and damping
  • Nonlinear structures
  • Vibration energy harvesting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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