Nonlinear pre-fire and post-fire analysis of steel frames

Chi Kin Iu, Siu Lai Chan, Xiao Xiong Zha

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


A numerical procedure based on the plastic hinge concept for study of the structural behaviour of steel framed structures exposed to fire is described. Most previous research on fire analysis considered the structural performance due to rising temperature. When strain reversal occurs during the cooling phase, the stress-strain curve is different. The plastic deformation is incorporated into the stress-strain curve to model the strain reversal effect in which unloading under elastic behaviour is allowed. This unloading response is traced by the incremental-iterative Newton-Raphson method. The mechanical properties of the steel member in the present fire analysis follows both Eurocode 3 Part 1.2 and BS5950 Part 8, which implicitly allow for thermal creep deformation. This paper presents an efficient fire analysis procedure for predicting thermal and cooling effects on an isolated element and a multi-storey frame. Several numerical and experimental examples related to structural behaviour in cooling phase are studied and compared with results obtained by other researchers. The proposed method is effective in the fire safety design and analysis of a building in a real fire scenario. The scope of investigation is of great significance since a large number of rescuers would normally enter a fire site as soon as the fire is extinguished and during the cooling phase, so a structural collapse can be catastrophic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1689-1702
Number of pages14
JournalEngineering Structures
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2005


  • Cooling effect
  • Fire engineering
  • Nonlinear analysis
  • Plastic hinge method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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