Nonlinear polarization-mode dispersion in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence

Ping Kong Alexander Wai, W. L. Kath, C. R. Menyuk

Research output: Journal article publicationConference articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Random fluctuations in birefringence along an optical fiber result in polarization-mode dispersion, which degrades the transmission rate in both NRZ and soliton systems. Recently, proposed was two physical models to study the polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) when the axes of birefringence rotate randomly. In the first model, the birefringence orientation is allowed to vary randomly but keep the strength fixed; in the second model, it is assumed that the birefringence orientation and strength have a two-dimensional Gaussian distribution. It is shown that the coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equation, which describes wave evolution over long lengths along a communication fiber, can be reduced to the Manakov equation with corrections due to linear and nonlinear PMD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42
Number of pages1
JournalConference Proceedings - Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting-LEOS
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1996 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO'96 - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: 2 Jun 19967 Jun 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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