Twin-core fiber (TCF)-based sensor was proposed for non-invasive vital sign monitoring, including respiration and heartbeat. The TCF was homemade and the corresponding sensor was fabricated by sandwiching single-mode fiber (SMF) on both ends. The offset distance between SMF and TCF was optimized while the length of TCF was identified from preliminary vital sign measurement results. Then, the TCF-based sensor was attached under a mattress to realize non-invasive vital sign monitoring. Both respiration and heartbeat signal can be obtained simultaneously, which is consistent with the reference signals. For further application, post-exercise physiological activitity characterization were realized based on this vital sign monitoring system. In discussion, mode coupling in TCF was analyzed and utilized for curvature sensing with achieved sensitivity as high as 18 nm/m−1, which supported its excellent performance for vital signs monitoring. In conclusion, the TCF-based vital signs monitors can be a promising candidate for healthcare and biomedical applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics