Non-equilibrium dissociating flow over spheres

Chih-yung Wen, H. G. Hornung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)


Previous work on the correlation of dissociative non-equilibrium effects on the flow field in front of blunt bodies considered the dependence of the dimensionless shock stand-off distance on the dimensionless dissociation rate immediately after the normal shock in the simple case of a diatomic gas with only one reaction. In this paper, the correlation is corrected to take into account the additional parameter of the dimensionless free-stream kinetic energy, and extended to the case of complex gas mixtures with many species and many reactions, by introducing a new reaction rate parameter that has a clear physical meaning, and leads to an approximate theory for the stand-off distance. Extensive new experimental results and numerical computations of air, nitrogen and carbon dioxide flow over spheres were obtained over a large range of total enthalpy. The results comprise surface heat flux measurements and differential interferograms. Both experimental results and numerical computations substantiate the approximate theory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-405
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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