Noise reduction inside a cavity coupled to a flexible plate with embedded 2-D acoustic black holes

Hongli Ji, Xiaodong Wang, Jinhao Qiu, Li Cheng, Yipeng Wu, Chao Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acoustic black hole (ABH) structures have been exploited to manipulate the flexural wave propagation with results showing a great potential for structural vibration damping enhancement and suppression of free-field acoustic noise radiation. In the present paper, ABHs are used to reduce the noise inside a cavity bounded by a flexible plate with multiple two-dimensional (2-D) ABH indentations. The interior sound field is generated by and fully coupled to the vibration of the flexible plate subject to a point force excitation. A refined numerical finite element model considering the plate-cavity coupling is established and validated by experiments. Both the simulation and experimental results show a significant noise reduction inside the cavity in a relatively wide frequency range through embedding the 2-D ABHs into the flexible plate. Analyses on the underlying mechanisms show a dual physical process of the ABH effects: the first being the direct consequence of the vibration reduction of the plate as a result of ABH-induced damping enhancement, whilst the second one being caused by a reduction in the coupling strength between the plate and the cavity. This ABH-specific decoupling phenomenon is characterized by the spatial coupling coefficients, which depend on the degree of morphological matching between structural modes and acoustic modes over the plate-cavity interface. The reported phenomenon of the impaired structural-acoustic coupling reveals a new ABH-specific feature which enriches the existing knowledge on ABH structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-338
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Volume455
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Acoustic black hole
  • Cavity noise
  • Coupling analysis
  • Vibro-acoustic properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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