Nitrogen-Doped Carbon for Sodium-Ion Battery Anode by Self-Etching and Graphitization of Bimetallic MOF-Based Composite

Yuming Chen, Xiaoyan Li, Kyusung Park, Wei Lu, Chao Wang, Weijiang Xue, Fei Yang, Jiang Zhou, Liumin Suo, Tianquan Lin, Haitao Huang, Ju Li, John B. Goodenough

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

168 Citations (Scopus)


The greater availability of sodium (Na) over lithium (Li) motivates development of a Na-ion battery that can compete with a Li-ion battery. In these batteries, both electrodes consist of hosts into which Li+or Na+can be inserted reversibly. Graphite has been the anode host for Li-ion batteries, but the Na+ion is too large to be inserted easily between the flat graphene layers of common graphite. We report the synthesis and electrochemical performance of N-doped carbon nanofibers and tubules with an organic-liquid electrolyte and a large fraction of graphitic carbon and larger spacing (0.38–0.44 nm) between carbon sheets; the carbon hollow tubules yield ultrastable (10,000 cycles), high-rate capabilities of Na+intercalation and deintercalation with reversible capacities up to 346 mAh g−1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-163
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2017


  • nanocarbon
  • nitrogen doping
  • sodium-ion battery anode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Materials Chemistry

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