NIR-II J-Aggregated Pt(II)-Porphyrin-Based Phosphorescent Probe for Tumor-Hypoxia Imaging

Wansu Zhang, Shangyu Chen, Pengfei Sun, Shuai Ye, Quli Fan, Jun Song, Pengju Zeng, Junle Qu, Wai Yeung Wong (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The luminescence of traditional phosphorescence-based hypoxia probes is limited to the visible and first near-infrared wavelength regions (<1000 nm), which has defects of higher light scattering and lower penetration depth in contrast with the second near-infrared wavelength window (NIR-II, 1000–1700 nm) for optical bioimaging. Herein, 5,15-bis(2,6-bis(dodecyloxy)phenyl)-porphyrin platinum(II) (PpyPt) with J-aggregation induced NIR-II phosphorescence is reported. J-aggregates of PpyPt are confirmed by the X-ray diffraction data in the crystalline state. Moreover, the emission and excitation spectra of PpyPt in the solid states reveal NIR-II luminescence feature of PpyPt in J-aggregates. More importantly, by preparation of water-soluble PpyPt nanoparticles (PpyPt NPs4.76) with J-aggregates, it has NIR-II phosphorescent lifetime of microseconds and good oxygen-sensitivity in water. Moreover, the good biological hypoxia-sensing potential of PpyPt NPs4.76 is demonstrated in cells and 4T1-tumor-bearing mice. This study provides an efficient strategy to design NIR-II phosphorescent probe for sensitive tumor-hypoxia detection through the construction of J-aggregates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200467
JournalAdvanced healthcare materials
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2022


  • hypoxia probes
  • J-aggregation
  • NIR-II phosphorescence
  • organometallic complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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