Efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts composed of earth-abundant elements are crucial to the development of practical and environmentally friendly water splitting systems. Herein, NiCoO2/CoO/Ni3N nanosheet arrays (NiCoON NSAs/NF) are fabricated in situ on the 3D nickel foam. In the alkaline solution, the NiCoON nanocomposite has excellent catalytic OER properties such as a small overpotential of 247 mV (at 10 mA cm−2) and Tafel slope of 35 mV dec−1, which are better than those of NixCo3-xO4 and most Ni- and Co-based catalysts. There are more active sites with oxygen vacancies on NiCoON NSAs after the treatment with NH3 and the face-centered cubic NiCoO2 enhances the formation of active Ni-Co layered hydroxide/oxyhydroxide species (NiOOH) in comparison with spinal NixCo3-xO4 during the electrochemical process. In addtion, the Ni3+-rich surface together with Co incorporation facilitates the formation of β-NiOOH. Our study reveals that control of active species on NiCoON NSAs/NF leads to high activity and stability in OER catalysis.
- Nanosheet array
- NiCo nanocomposite
- Oxygen evolution reaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering