Ni migration of Ni-YSZ electrode in solid oxide electrolysis cell: An integrated model study

Yang Wang, Chengru Wu, Bingfeng Zu, Minfang Han, Qing Du, Meng Ni, Kui Jiao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


During the long-term operation of solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC), the coarsening and depletion of the Ni phase of the electrode are found to decrease the cell performance and limit cell durability. In this study, a comprehensive numerical study is conducted to quantitatively evaluate the degradation process in the fuel electrode of SOEC. The phase-field model is adopted to track the Ni phase migration process and generate the electrode structures with Ni depletion. An electrode model based on the lattice Boltzmann method is then used to evaluate the electrochemical performance of the fuel electrode. It is found that the maximum width of the Ni depletion region can reach 3–4 μm. The Ni depletion will aggravate the coarsening of the Ni phase. The corresponding electrochemical evaluation also shows that the randomly distributed ionic particles in the porous fuel electrode lengthens the ion transport path and increases the electrode ohmic overpotential. The Ni depletion also increases the activation overpotential loss due to the reduction of the active reaction sites. The severe Ni depletion can increase the total overpotential by up to 52.8% compared to the initial state. Besides, increasing the wettability of the Ni phase can effectively suppress the reduction of active reaction sites due to Ni coarsening.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230660
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2021


  • Cell performance
  • Lattice Boltzmann model
  • Ni depletion
  • Phase-field model
  • SOEC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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