New technology and the modeling of risk-taking behavior in congested road networks

Yafeng Yin, Hing Keung William Lam, Hitoshi Ieda

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


Intelligent transport systems provide various means to improve traffic congestion in road networks. Evaluation of the benefits of these improvements requires consideration of commuters' response to reliability and/or uncertainty of travel time under various circumstances. Various disruptions cause recurrent or non-recurrent congestion on road networks, which make road travel times intrinsically fluctuating and unpredictable. Confronted with such uncertain traffic conditions, commuters are known to develop some simple decision-making process to adjust their travel choices. This paper represents the decision-making process involved in departure-time and route choices as risk-taking behavior under uncertainty. An expected travel disutility function associated with commuters' departure-time and route choices is formulated with taking into account the travel delay (due the recurrent congestion), the uncertainty of travel times (due to incident-induced congestion) and the consequent early or late arrival penalty. Commuters are assumed to make decision on the departure-time and route choices on the basis of the minimal expected travel disutility. Thus the network will achieve a simultaneous route and departure-time user equilibrium, in which no commuter can decrease his or her expected disutility by unilaterally changing the route or departure-time. The equilibrium is further formulated as an equivalent nonlinear complementarity problem and is then converted into an unconstrained minimization problem with the use of a gap function suggested recently. Two algorithms based on the Nelder-Mead multidimensional simplex method and the heuristic route/time-swapping approach, are adapted to solve the problem. Finally, numerical example is given to illustrate the application of the proposed model and algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-192
Number of pages22
JournalTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Issue number3-4 SPEC.ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004


  • Departure-time and route choice
  • Expected travel disutility
  • Risk-taking behavior
  • Travel time reliability or uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Management Science and Operations Research

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