New simple method for calculating large-strain consolidation settlement of layered soft soils with horizontal drains and vacuum preloading with comparison to test data

Ze jian Chen, Peng lin Li, An Li, Jian hua Yin, Ding bao Song

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Prefabricated horizontal drains and vacuum preloading have advantages in the consolidation of ultra-soft dredged sludge and soils for maintenance dredging, reclamation, and ground improvement in coastal regions. While laboratory tests and field trial projects have been reported, a convenient analysis and design method is still unavailable. This study proposes a new simple method for the settlement analysis of soft soils considering horizontal drains, vacuum preloading, creep, and large-strain effects. A unified equation is constructed to account for various layouts of horizontal drains in consolidation. A new explicit method is developed to consider the large-strain deformation with the nonlinear evolution of permeability and compressibility of ultra-soft soils under vacuum preloading. The viscous compression is taken into account using a simplified Hypothesis B method. The proposed solution also facilitates convenient consideration of multiple layers of soils and drains subjected to staged loading. The proposed method is examined by a series of physical model tests with different horizontal drain dimensions. Finally, the method is applied in the analysis of two well-documented field cases in Hong Kong and Japan, which confirms its effectiveness and accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-735
Number of pages11
JournalGeotextiles and Geomembranes
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Consolidation
  • Horizontal drains
  • Large-strain
  • Simple method
  • Soft soils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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