New sampling scheme for region-of-interest tomography

Tai Chiu Hsung, Pak Kong Lun

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

The wavelet localization technique was recently applied to the study of region-of-interest tomography. It achieves a significant saving in the required projections if only a small region of a tomographic image is of interest. In this paper, we flrst show that with the same sampling scheme, a simple interpolation approach applied to the samples can give a result at least as good as that using the original wavelet localization approach. It implies that the use of the wavelet transform is not the key to the reduction of the sampling requirement. In fact, the quality of the reconstructed region of interest is largely determined by the structure of the sampling scheme. Rather than directly reducing the projection number, the use of the wavelet theory lets us have a clear understanding of how to achieve a good sampling pattern. Based on an error analysis using the wavelet theory, we further suggest a new sampling scheme wherein the number of required projections of each angle is reduced in a multiresolution form. A new multiresolution interpolation algorithm is then used to interpolate the missing samples to obtain the full projections. As a result, more than 84% of projections are saved, as compared with the traditional approach, to reconstruct a region of interest of 32 X 32 pixels in an image of 256 X 256 pixels. A series of simulations were performed to reconstruct different sizes of the region of interest. AH results show that the signal-to-error ratios of the reconstructed region of interest are comparable with that using full projection data set.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2072
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Volume46
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Signal Processing

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