BACKGROUND: Complete secondary therapy failure due to antibodies against botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A-ABs) may raise extensive treatment difficulties. We tested whether neutralizing BoNT/A-ABs can be detected in dystonic patients with good clinical responses to botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) treatment. METHODS: We used the ninhydrin sweat test (NST) and the mouse diaphragm test (MDT) in 28 subjects. Of 119 dystonic patients who responded well to BoNT/A, we randomly selected 14 and compared the results of the NST and MDT with 14 healthy controls. RESULTS: Higher BoNT/A-AB titers correlated significantly with smaller anhidrotic areas. We found seven patients with borderline antibody (AB) values (MDT 0.4 to 0.8 mU/mL) with significantly smaller anhidrotic areas (NST) compared with healthy controls and AB-negative patients. Risk factors for smaller anhidrotic areas were short injection intervals but not prolonged exposure to BoNT/A or high injection doses. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that >40% of dystonic patients who respond well to botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) show partial nonresponsiveness on the ninhydrin sweat test and have low titers of neutralizing BoNT/A antibodies. ©2008AAN Enterprises, Inc.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology