Neuroprotective effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cells in PD mice via centrally and peripherally suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammatory responses

Liping Zhou, Xingzhe Wang, Xueyao Wang, Jing An, Xin Zheng, Deqiang Han, Zhiguo Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) exhibit beneficial anti-inflammatory effects against Parkinson's disease (PD) via immunomodulatory actions. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the potential neuroprotective effects of MSCs and the possible mechanisms involved by infusing human umbilical cord MSCs (hMSCs) in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated mature male C57BL/6 mice. Subsequently, the striatal content of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons and activated microglia, circulating inflammatory cytokines, gene expression of cytokines, and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome molecules were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescent staining, and real-time polymerase chain reaction assays, respectively. Infused hMSCs markedly ameliorated the reduction in striatal DA and loss of TH-positive neurons in the substantia nigra of PD mice. The MPTP-induced activation of microglia and increase in tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β mRNA expression in the striatum were also attenuated by hMSCs. Furthermore, hMSCs completely reversed the elevated pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in the serum and mRNA expression of cytokines in the peripheral organs of PD mice. Moreover, hMSCs significantly inhibited the expression of caspase-1 and NLRP3 of the NLRP3 inflammasome in both the central and peripheral organs at mRNA level. These data suggest that hMSCs protect dopaminergic neurons in PD mice by suppressing both the central and peripheral inflammatory responses, probably by inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome. However, the animals in our study only received several MSC infusions, and the effects of infused MSCs over extended periods on the NLRP3 inflammasome need to be investigated in future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113535
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume153
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

Keywords

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Immunomodulatory
  • Mesenchymal stromal cells
  • NLRP3 inflammasome
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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