Network Together: Node Classification via Cross-Network Deep Network Embedding

Xiao Shen, Quanyu Dai, Sitong Mao, Fu Lai Chung, Kup Sze Choi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Network embedding is a highly effective method to learn low-dimensional node vector representations with original network structures being well preserved. However, existing network embedding algorithms are mostly developed for a single network, which fails to learn generalized feature representations across different networks. In this article, we study a cross-network node classification problem, which aims at leveraging the abundant labeled information from a source network to help classify the unlabeled nodes in a target network. To succeed in such a task, transferable features should be learned for nodes across different networks. To this end, a novel cross-network deep network embedding (CDNE) model is proposed to incorporate domain adaptation into deep network embedding in order to learn label-discriminative and network-invariant node vector representations. On the one hand, CDNE leverages network structures to capture the proximities between nodes within a network, by mapping more strongly connected nodes to have more similar latent vector representations. On the other hand, node attributes and labels are leveraged to capture the proximities between nodes across different networks by making the same labeled nodes across networks have aligned latent vector representations. Extensive experiments have been conducted, demonstrating that the proposed CDNE model significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art network embedding algorithms in cross-network node classification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9108549
Pages (from-to)1935-1948
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Cross-network embedding
  • cross-network node classification
  • deep learning
  • deep network embedding
  • domain adaptation
  • network transfer learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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