Negative Poisson’s Ratio Weft-knitted Fabrics

Yanping Liu, Hong Hu, Kwok Cheong Jimmy Lam, Su Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

120 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a study of using weft-knitting technology to fabricate negative Poisson’s ratio (NPR) knitted fabrics, which exhibit the unusual property of becoming wider when stretched. Based on a geometrical analysis of a three-dimensional NPR structure constructed with parallelogram planes of the same shape and size, a new kind of NPR weft-knitted fabric was firstly designed and fabricated on a computerized flat-knitting machine. Then the NPR values of these fabrics were evaluated and compared with those from the theoretical calculations. The results show that all knitted fabrics have the NPR effect, which decreases with increased strain in the course direction. This variation trend is consistent with the theoretical prediction. The results also show that the main structure parameter affecting the NPR effect of a fabric is the opening angle at its initial state. Fabric with a smaller opening angle will have higher NPR values. This paper demonstrates the feasibility of fabricating NPR-knitted fabrics by using weft-knitting technology if a suitable structure and parameters are selected.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)856-863
Number of pages8
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • auxetic
  • geometrical analysis
  • negative Poisson’s ratio
  • weft knitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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