Nature of the refractive errors in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with experimentally induced ametropias

Ying Qiao-Grider, Li Fang Hung, Chea Su Kee, Ramkumar Ramamirtham, Earl L. Smith

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


We analyzed the contribution of individual ocular components to vision-induced ametropias in 210 rhesus monkeys. The primary contribution to refractive-error development came from vitreous chamber depth; a minor contribution from corneal power was also detected. However, there was no systematic relationship between refractive error and anterior chamber depth or between refractive error and any crystalline lens parameter. Our results are in good agreement with previous studies in humans, suggesting that the refractive errors commonly observed in humans are created by vision-dependent mechanisms that are similar to those operating in monkeys. This concordance emphasizes the applicability of rhesus monkeys in refractive-error studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1867-1881
Number of pages15
JournalVision Research
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Anisometropia
  • Emmetropization
  • Hyperopia
  • Myopia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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